Palampur

Palampur is combination of three words ‘Pani’, ‘Alam’ and ‘Pur’.  ‘Pur’, means settlement, Pani is water/rain, ‘Alam’ is environment dominated or adobe of.  Hence, Palampur is a settlement where there is plenty of rainfall.  It is a settlement, the sociocultural and environmental factors of which are determined by rainfall. Similarly, Bandla nearby appeared to  have derived its name as a village
consisting of two words ‘Boond’ and ‘Ala’ again meaning thereby   a  village of persistent rainfall. Again  a  village  Banoori  if  analysed interms of etymological means ‘Ban’ ‘Ruri’, a place where the dam had been washed away.  So all the three settlements one way or the    other try to highlight that there is heavy downpour in and around Palampur.

Location : Palampur is located at 32o-7’ North Latitude and 76o-32’ East  Longitude,  at a  height of 1219 metres above  mean  seal  level. Located    at    bulk    of    point,    it    is  a fast growing valley town. Dharamshala is a district headquarters and an important  regional town stablished by British  is  located  at  a distance of about  35 kilometres from the town.  At the midway of Pathankot-Mandi National Highway-20 on  one hand and picturesque Pathankot-Jogindernagar Railway line on the other, it  has  a  very  good accessibility  and nodality.  It  acts  as a base station to Tourist attractions in its surroundings.

Evolution Pre-Independence:-  During the second half of 18th Century, with success of tea estates in Palampur area, the original settlement started developing.  In 1888, it was made tehsil headquarter, by shifting the same from Bhawarna.  The tea estate owners impressed upon the administration to bring infrastructure like schools, colleges and hospital.  It also became a centre of labourers engaged in plucking  of tea leaves and packing, transportation and marketing thereof. The earthquake of 1905 left a trail of destruction. Therefore, building style,  projections and building material had to be modified.  The tehsil complex, school and church towards T-Bud Hotel were built during British Period.
Consequent upon laying of railway  line for hydro-electric project at Joginder Nagar in 1927 and thereby installation of railway station and staff quarters,  construction activity grew fast. Increase in the employment, led to investment in the area, whereby multifarious development including roads
took place.
From  historical point of view,  the area around status of Subhash Chandra Bose and Jawahar Lal Nehru appears to be one of the oldest area.  Starting from Courts  coming towards Police Station, the houses and shops are the oldest.  From Banuri moving towards Baijnath there lies a settlement known as ‘Al-Hillal’ meaning full moon.  The land of this area was purchased by Nawab of Bahawlpur who got constructed a Palace Complex in 1931.  This Palace Complex was purchased by Maharaja Hari Singh Father of Raja Karan Singh of Jammu who converted it into a motel and named it as Tara Palace Motel.

 

Post Independence:-  In 1947, Sobha Singh moved from Punjab to Andreta and developed his art gallary.  He painted world famous art pieces related to Punjabi culture and shot into prominence as an artist.  After 1946, the regional linkages of town started improving.  A Military station got established at a strategic location of  the town.  Agriculture University got established, besides the establishment of Indian Council for Scientific & Industrial Research (I.C.S.I.R.) Complex (IHBT).  Many offices at the level of sub division pertaining to Electricity, Housing Board, Public health and PWD (B&R) were located. tourist accommodation like T-Bud Hotel by Himachal Tourism Development Corporation and other hotels were constructed.

 

 

Palampur is an important town of Kangra Valley.  Population of Kangra District increased from 1174072 in 1991 to   1338536 in  2001, registering decadal increase of 14.01%. The decadal growth of the State is 17.53% in comparison to 21.34% of National  average during 1991-2001. By comparing the percentage decadal growth rate of 1981-1991 decade with 1991-2001 decade, it can be observed that the growth rate has decreased from 18.50% to 14.01% in Kangra District.  If one compares the growth rate of 1971-81 decade which was 23.71%, it can be  concluded that from 1971 onwards the growth rate of population, in terms of percentage has decreased from  28.71% to 14.01%.  It can, therefore, be attributed that the district is experiencing out migration due to less economic opportunities.  Moreover, the family planning measures being adopted, have also attributed to decline in the growth rate.
 
The tourist coming from Amritsar, Pathankot and Jammu and Kashmir, intending to  visit Kullu-Manali, pass through the town.  The pilgrims also visit Baijnath Shiva  Temple.  The Tibetan Lamas moving
about in the area during their Mcleodganj and Dharamshala stay also visit the town.   A few tourists do visit the Sobha Singh Art Gallery, Andretta and Nora Richard’s House, one of the pioneer centres of Punjabi Drama taken over by the Punjab University.  Other  places of tourist attraction in the region are such as Chamunda, Bir-hang gliding, Jogindernagar and Sujanpur Tihra.

TOURISM AND INDUSTRY

Palampur town is blessed with the beauty of nature that provides warmth to tourists.  Due to Kashmir problem, the importance of tourist towns of Himachal Pradesh including Palampur has increased.  During the peak season about 5000 tourists visit the town in a day.

Tourism

Tourist Attractions :-Palampur has meerged as one of the favourite tourist destinations during the last decade or so.  A tourist is attracted to Palampur because of pleasing climate, lush green, tall and majestic trees, tea plantations, snow-clad mountain range of Dhauladhar where silence of mountain speaks volumes of development in philosophical, historical and cultural thoughts.  Here  snow-clad white peaks, blue sky and changing red and yellow shades of rising and setting sun create striking panorama of colourful natural paintings.  In such a setting, existence of certain old temples in the surroundings of Palampur display the rich and wonderful built-in heritage of Indian society for which Indians are proud of.  Besides the specific tourist attractions in  and around Palampur, the simplicity, hospitality, colourful dresses and musical rhythm of the people of Himachal attract both Indian and foreign tourists.  The tourist attractions available in and around Palampur can be classified into the three categories namely natural attractions, built-in heritage attractions and institutional attractions.
 
(i) Natural Attractions :-Palampur provides scenic beauty of
the Dhauladhar mountain, alongwith its  peaks covered with white snow. 
During the day, white snow mixes the blue colour of the sky  with different
shades of sun rays/light and thereby creating amazing and pleasant (to both
eyes and mind) pictures, scenery, particularly in the morning and evening, at
the time of sun-rise and sunset.
Besides this, the greenery of forests and that of tea gardens
on the pleasing undulations (rise and fall) of the ground  create lot of
enjoyment and rhythm while moving in and around Palampur.  The beauty of
tea gardens gets further enchanced when one finds Himachal women in their
colourful dresses, singing folk songs while plucking the tea leaves.
Bandla segment and Neugal park  also fascinate the tourists
with their natural richness in terms  of contours, water and vegetation.
Billing, 20 Kms from Baijnath and about 35 Kms from Palampur is an ideal
place for hand/para gliding, where these events are held.  This place is
regarded as one of the best aerosports place in the world.
Neugal Glacier-considered to be paradise for trekkers, at a
height of about 1700 metres is another natural attraction in the Dhauladhar
range.  Some tourists cross this glacier to reach Holi Valley of Chamba
district, situated on  banks of the  Ravi.

(ii) Built-in Heritage Attractions:-In this category, the area has
the following attractions.

1. Vindhya Vasu Temples at a distance of 4 Kms.
2. Baijnath (16 kms from Palampur) having : (i) Temple of “Vaidya Nath”-Lord Shiva which is called as one of the  12 Jyotirlingas
(ii) Mahakal and Mukuteshwar Mahadev Temples near Baijnath.
(iii) Around Baijnath-Bir and Tashijong-two famous Tibetan refugee settlements.
3. Andhretta-house of famous artist Sobha Singh, B.C. Sanyal and Nora Richards.  House of Sobha Singh is now a gallery that displays many of his paintings.
4. Near Andhretta-a small  attractive village having a
pottery and craft centre.
5. Chamunda Devi-On the banks of Baner Khad, about 20 Kms from Palampur, a temple of Chamundaji is visited by thousands of
tourists every year from Himachal, Punjab and other northern states of India.  
6. Nandi- Keshwar Temple at the back of Chamunda Temple.
7. Mcleodganj, Dharamsala, the abode of  His Holiness Dalai Lama and Budhist pilgrimage centre.
8. The historic fort and Bajreshwari temple, Kangra.
9. Jawalaji Temple, 60 Kms from Palampur is regarded
as one of the Hindu’s Shakti Peeths.  First temple was built in 7th century
and later on a gilded dome was added and white gold parasol was installed
by Mughal Emperor Akbar.
 
(iii) Institutional Attractions:- These include the H.P.
Agriculture University, ICSIR,  Environment Convention centre and
Ayurvedic Hospital, Paprola.  Vivekanand Regional Hospital under way will
be another centre for attraction of its own kind.

TOURIST NODES :-The Tourist nodes around Palampur are as under:-

  • Dharamshala :  At a distance of 34 Kilometres towards
    North-West in the lap of Dauladhar, Dharamshala has dominating site
    alongwith War Memorial, Rock temple at Kunal Pathari, Kangra Art
    Museum, St. John’s Church, Mecleodganj the abode of His Holiness  Dalai
    Lama, Bhagsunag temple, Dharamkot, Dal Lake, Naddi, Kareri, Guna Devi,
    Triund, Aghonjar Mahadev, Chin Maya Tapovan Ashram etc. Dharamshala
    and its surrounding area afford a lot to see, enjoy and cherish. 
  • Chamunda Devi:  At an altitude of 800 meters, Chamunda
    Devi is in midway of Palampur and Dharamshala and has recently acquired
    wide fame. The Goddess is said to grant boons requested to her. At the back
    of temple is a cave like scoop where a stone “Lingam” under a boulder
    represents Nandi Keshwar(God Shiva).  It is an enchanting spot with
    glorious view of the mountains, the Baner Khad, Dadh and Lahla forests.
  • Gopalpur:-At a distance of 8 Km. after Chamunda Devi is
    Gopalpur where the Forest Department has set up a zoo called Dhauladhar
    Nature Park.
  • Baijnath:-Located at a distance of 16 Km. from Palampur,
    Baijnath is in realit, the appellation of the chief temple Shiva
    Vaidyanatha(Lord of physicians). Legend has it that this is where King
    Ravana (From the epic Ramayana) supplicated Shiva for a boon of
    immortality. The linga enshrined in its sanctum is one of the 12 Jyotirilingas 
    in the country.
  • Masroor :-Masroor is 26 Km. from Gaggal on Nagrota
    Surian Link road and is famous for  remarkable group of rock-cut temples.
    They form a group of 15 monolithic rock cut temples in the Indo-Aryan
    style and are richly carved.
  • Bir/Billing :-Located at a distance of 35 Km from Palampur,
    it is predominantly Budhist town of Bir known for monasteries and a
    handicrafts centre. Bir has most salubrious climate and offers good view of
    colourful fields and tea gardens below the valley. Bir serves as a landing
    ground for hang/para gliders. Billing is 12 Km. from Bir which is one of the
    best aerosport sites in the world. The mountain ranges set like an
    amphitheatre, offer opportunities for high altitude cross country flying for a
    range of more than 200 Km.
  • Kangra :-Kangra town is 18 Km. from Dharamshala. This
    was the first seat of Raja Sansar Chand II(1775-1823). One of the ancient capital of powerful hill State- fort of Nagarkot stands as a mute witness to
    the ravages of conquerors from Mahmood of Ghazni of the Emperor
    Jahangir and the disastrous earthquake of 1905.
  • Nurpur :-Located at a distance of 65 Km. from Dharamshala
    on Pathankot road, Nurpur is the famous town , named after Nurjahan, the
    consort to the Mughal emperor Jahangir. It has an ancient fort and a carved 
    God Krishna temple. Nurpur is famous today for its fine pashmina shawls
    and textiles.
  • Jawalamukhi  :At a distance of 56 Km. from Dharamshala,
    here is the famous temple of  Goddess Jawalamukhi also called the ‘Flaming
    Goddess’ or ‘Sher of the flaming mouth’. It lies in the valley of Beas and is
    built over some natural jets of combustible gas  believed to be a
    manifestation of the Goddess Devi  Bhagwati Jawalamukhi. Many people,
    especially women take a vow that if anything they ardently wish for, is
    obtained, they will go on pilgrimage to the temple here.

Hamirpur Town

Hamirpur, situated in the outer Himalayas amidst thickly populated region of Himachal Pradesh is an important regional centre.  Name of the town is believed to be after ruler Hamir Chand who ruled during the last years of 17th Century.  It has been functioning as Tehsil Headquarter since pre-independence period.   After reorganisation of Himachal Pradesh during 1971, town was upgraded as Headquarter of Hamirpur District.   The town spreading  over terraces of Hathli Khad and slopes of Jhaniara-Hiranagar Dhar has bewitching view of snow clad Dhauladhar. Besides its beautiful setting, town has fascinating and variable scenery throughout the year.  Situated on junction of Kangra-Shimla National  Highway-88, Jalandhar-Mandi National Highway-70, Hamirpur-Palampur State Highway-39 and major district roads connecting, Una, Dhaneta, Sarkaghat, Bilaspur and Mandi towns,  it retains character of commercial trade centre and education centre of the region.

Location : Situated at an altitude of about 765 metres, Hamirpur town has 30o-41' 00” North latitude and 76o-31' 00” East Longitude.  The town is spread in an area of 5.24 sq kms having population of 12,544 as per 1991 census and revised Planning Area has been spreaded in an area of 33.20 sq. km. having population of 28,966 as per 1991 census and 36,619 as per Housing and Demography Survey 1999.  It is well connected by roads from  all the districts Headquarter  towns of the State as well as neighboring States.

Evolution: 
During   the year 1888, Hamirpur was made Tehsil Headquarter of Kangra District.  The Tehsil complex, Boys School Building, Old  Hospital building were built during British period.  The name of town was named after  the name of Raja Hamir Chand of Kangra.  Hamirpur town was made district headquarter of Hamirpur District on September 1, 1972 as a result of  trifurcation of Kangra District as Kangra, Hamirpur and Una.   Construction activity grew fast.  Increase in the employment  led to investment in the area, whereby multifarious developments including roads took place.  Many offices of
District level as well as regional and State level were located pertaining to Health, Public Works, Public Health, Electricity Board, District Welfare,  Employment, Agriculture & Industries etc.  Tourist accommodations like  Hotel Hamir, Hotel Puri, Hotel Gautam, Hotel Pratap, Shiva Guest House  etc. were  also constructed.

  • Geologically, the town is located in Seismic zone-IV which is earthquakes prone zone.  Geological formation generally is of sand stone and clay.
  • Hamirpur has sub-tropical climate with average yearly rainfall of about 124.8cms.  It is quite hot in summer and cold in winters with occasionally foggy weather. The Temperature varies between 5o C to 42 oC.  Most of the rainfall occurs in JulySeptember. However, sufficient rainfall is received in winter also.
  • Town has green foliage during months of July-October and January-April. During rest of the year patches of cultivated land with different crops possess light green to golden brown trees over terraces and slopes in the north add to beauty of town.

    Nagar Parishad: After re-organisation of Himachal Pradesh during 1971, town was upgraded as Headquarter of Hamirpur District.  Town recorded highest growth rate of 139.63% during 1971-81 decade in the State.  Notified Area Committee which was Managing the civic functions of town was helpless to meet the growing demand  due to its limited resources, accordingly  the Govt. raised the status of Notified Area Committee to Municipal Council during the year 1968 to provide better civic facilities.  Since then, Municipal Council is functioning in the town.  It is divided into 11 wards, represented by  11 elected Municipal Councilors and 3 nominated councilors.  The institutional,residential and commercial areas have, however, been developed outside the Nagar Parishad area in the rural Panchayats.  Due  to a fear of taxation and intervention by Municipality the people of rural area don't want to be included in the Nagar Parishad.

  • As per 1991 census   population of the area was 28966.

    DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTER

    • General  Profile:  Hamirpur town is serving mainly as administrative,
      educational and shopping centre for the surrounding areas.  Moreover, it has a regional
      technical educational facility, such as National Institute of technology, Govt. Polytechnic,
      Girls I.T.I. and College of Education.  Number of important district level as well as the
      State level offices such as H.P. Subordinate Services Selection Board, Chief Engineer,
      Transmission, Chief Conservator Wildlife, HP Ex-Serviceman Corporation etc. are also
      located in the town.
      The town is surrounded by the various small towns growth centers which are
      situated in the close vicinity of this town such as Bhota, Barsar, Nadaun, Tikker, Dhaneta,
      Sujanpur-Tihra etc.  The town is also easily approachable from well known religious
      places such as Baba-Balak Nath Temple and Jawala Ji Temple.  The town is having
      central location to all these small towns and religious places.  

  •  Population Growth

    • As per the 1971 census of Hamirpur town it has reported 3671 souls.  Prior
      to 1971 Hamirpur was Tehsil head-quarter. After re-organisation of Himachal Pradesh
      during 1971, the town was upgraded as headquarter of newly created Hamirpur District.
      Population of Hamirpur town has been recorded 8797, 12544 and 17219 persons as per
      1981 , 1991 and 2001 census respectively.  The growth rate of population of Hamirpur
      town during the decade of 1971-81 was 139.63% against the average urban population
      growth rate of 35.20% in the State.  Whereas the growth rate  of population during the
      decade of 1981- 1991 and 1991-2001 was recorded as 42.59% and 37.27% respectively.
      Among the major towns of Himachal Pradesh, Hamirpur town has recorded highest
      growth  rate during 1971-1981 decade.

  • The National Institute of Technology, H.P. Subordinate Services Selection Board, Govt. Polytechnic College, Subhash Chand Bose Govt. PGD College, Education Colleges and Zonal  Hospital make it destination of Students, Job Seekers, Academicians and Experts. The town is  vibrating with multifarious activities including trade, commerce, tourism, education  institutions and transport.

    Bus  Stand: 

  • The Inter State Bus Terminal is presently located on the National Highway-88 in the heart of town.  The complex was constructed during the year 1980 and occupying an area of 4762 sqm. providing space for parking of 45 buses.  Five buses depart in every two minutes from Bus  Terminal during peak hours   to different places  and overall 1600 buses are plying from  the bus stand in a day. The fleet strength of Himachal Road Transport Corporation buses in local depart has increased to about 100 buses. Besides, there are about 120 buses in the private sector.

  • Jwalamukhi Temple

    DSC00985
    Location: At a distance of 34 kms in south of Kangra
    Built by: Raja Bhumi Chand Katoch
    Dedicated to: Jwala ji (a form of Shakti)
    Also known as: Flaming Goddess
    Attraction: Nine flames that are burning without fuel
    Significance: One of the 51 Shakti Peethas
    How to reach: One can easily reach Jwala Devi Temple by taking regular Buses or by hiring Taxis from Kangra, Himachal Pradesh

    The famous temple of Shaktipeeth Jwalamukhi is  35 km from Kangra and 53 kms from Dharamshala. Dedicated to the "GODDESS OF LIGHT", the temple is one of the most popular Hindu temples in northern India.
    Jwalamukhi is a famous temple to the goddess Jwalamukhi, the deity of flaming mouth, built over some natural jets of combustible gas, believed to be the manifestation of the Goddess. Raja Bhumi Chand Katoch of Kangra, a great devotee of goddess Durga, dreamt of the sacred place and the Raja set people to find out the whereabouts of the site. The site was traced and the Raja built a temple at that location. The building is modern with a gilt dome and pinnacles, and possesses a beautiful folding door of silver plates. Under the gaze of the Dhauladhar range and set amidst the undulating hills that character sub-Himalayan Himachal Sati's tongue is believed to have fallen at Jwalamukhi and the goddess is manifest as tiny flames that burn a flawless blue through fissures in the age old rock.
    The temple located on a small spur on the Dharamsala-Shimla road at a distance of about 20 km from the Jwalamukhi Road Railway Station attracts lakhs of pilgrims every year. No idol is located in the temple and the deity is worshipped in the form of flames which come out from the crevices of the rock. They are natural jets of combustible gas. There is a small platform in front of the temple and a(check usage) big mandap where a huge brass bell presented by the King of Nepal is hung. Usually milk and water are offered and the ahutis or oblations are offered to the sacred flames in the pit, situated in the centre of the temple in between the floor pillars supporting the roof.
    The deity is offered Bhog of Rabri or thickened milk, Misri or candy, seasonal fruits, milk. There is a mystic Yantra or diagram of the goddess, which is covered with, shawls, ornaments and mantras are recited. The puja has different 'phases' and goes on practically the whole day. Aarti is performed five times in the day, havan is performed once daily and portions of Durga Saptasati are recited.
    The Mughal Emporer Akbar, learning about the legends of Jwalamukhi tried to douse the flames with a stream of water. However , the great power of the Goddess, still kept the flames burning. Realizing the power of Jwala Devi, Akbar came with his army to this temple. He brought a Gold umbrella (Chatra) for the Goddess, but on offering, the umbrella turned into an unknown metal suggesting that the Goddess didn't accept his offering.
    Maharaja Ranjit Singh paid a visit to the temple in 1815 and the dome of the temple was gold-plated by him. Just a few feet above the Jwalamukhi temple there is a six-feet deep pit with a circumference of about three-feet. At the bottom of this pit there is another small pit about one and a half feet deep with hot water bubbling all the time.
    The temple is identified as one among the 52 Shakti Peethas . It is also one of the most renowned temples of Goddess Durga .

    Legend about Akbar, the Mughal Emperor
    During the ruling period of Akbar, he learned about the legends of Jwalamukhi. In a fit of anger, he tried to douse the flames with a stream of water. The great power of the Goddess, still kept the flames burning. Realizing the power of Jwala Devi, Akbar came with his army to this temple. He brought a Gold umbrella (Chatra) for the Goddess, but on offering, the umbrella turned into an unknown metal suggesting that the Goddess didn't accept his offering.

    NIT Hamirpur

    nitNational Institute of Technology, Hamirpur is one of the  twenty NITs of the country, established in 1986 as Regional Engineering College, as a joint and cooperative enterprise of the Govt. of India and Govt. of Himachal Pradesh. The goals of the institute as embodied in the logo are truly remarkable in their scope of vision. The college provide Undergraduate, Postgraduate and Doctorate Education in Engineering, Sciences & Humanities; fostering the spirit of national integration among the students, a close interaction with industry and a strong emphasis on research, both basic and applied.  It has been given the status of Deemed University.

         
    Campus


    The campus is situated at Anu in Hamirpur district of Himachal Pradesh and is 4 Kms from main bus stand of Hamirpur on Hamirpur – Toni Devi road. The city of Hamirpur is well connected with the rest of the country by road. The nearest broad gauge rail head is at Una (Himachal Pradesh) which is 80 Kms from Hamirpur. The campus has a picturesque surrounding facing snow clad Dhauladhar mountain ranges. Lush green pine trees surround it. The campus is well laid with roads, electric installations, water supply, underground drainage, etc. The place has healthy climate with moderate temperature ranging from 1oC to 38oC with an altitude of 900 meters.
     

    Travel Guide


    The Institute is located on Hamirpur – Toni Devi - Awaha Devi Road in the outskirts of Hamirpur town.

    Rail Link
    Nearest broad gauge train head is at Una (Himachal Pradesh ), at a distance of 80 Kms  from Hamirpur. Una is well linked to all parts of India  and journey is of nine hours from Old Delhi Railway Station. Taxi/Bus services are available from Hamirpur to Una. NIT Hamirpur is around 4 kilometers away from Hamirpur bus stand.
     

    Air Link
    The nearest airport is at Gaggal (district Kangra) about 75 Kms from Hamirpur. Direct air link from Delhi to Shimla is also available. Shimla airport is at a distance of 175 (approx.) Kms from Hamirpur.

     

    JAGSON AIRLINES FLIGHT SCHEDULE

    DELHI-SHIMLA-KULLU-SHIMLA-DELHI

    (MONDAY,WEDNESDAY,FRIDAY)

    JA-221 DELHI 0730 SHIMLA 0830
    JA-221 SHIMLA 0900 KULLU 0930
    JA-222 KULLU 1000 SHIMLA 1030
    JA-222 SHIMLA 1100 DELHI 1200

    DELHI-CHANDIGARH-KULLU-DHARAMSHALA-KULLU-CHANDIGARH-DELHI

    (TUESDAY,THURSDAY,SATURDAY)

    JA-211 DELHI 0700 CHANDIGARH 0750
    JA-211 CHANDIGARH 0820 KULLU 0850
    JA-211 KULLU 0920 DHARAMSHALA 0850
    JA-212 DHARAMSHALA 1010 KULLU 1040
    JA-212 KULLU 1110 CHANDIGARH 1140
    JA-212 CHANDIGARH 1210 DELHI 1300

    Temples in the Hamirpur District

    Narvdeshwar Temple:  narvdNarvdeshwar Temple is situated in the Sujanpur town.  It was got built by the chief queen of Maharaja Sansar Chand. Artists belonging to the court of Raja has drawn vivid and beautiful pictures pertaining to Ramayana, Mahabharta & Bhagwat Puran and also of wild animals and birds.  The temple has been constructed in the open ground. There are small temples constructed around the main temple of Sun, Durga, Ganesh, Laxmi Naryana and Mahisasur Mardini. The temple is over two hundred years old built in Bhitti style.

    Bil-kaleshwar Temple:  This temple of God Shiva is situated at a distance of 5 km on the Nadaun- Sujanpur road at the meeting place of Beas river and Kunah Khad. This temple is about more than 400 years old. In the month of ‘Baishakh’ ( May-June), during the mela large number of devotees visit this place to have a glimpse of Shivling. According to the ancient grape-vine, the construction of this temple was started by the ‘Pandavas’ of ‘Mahabharatha’ fame with the help of Vishva-Karma in the night during their secret exile. But the construction of the temple was abandon by ‘Pandavas’ as they were spotted by the local people. Later on, this temple was constructed by the King of Katoch dynasty. This pilgrimage place is considered as sacred as Haridwar in Uttaranchal. The people who are unable to visit Haridwar, immerse the mortal remains of their relatives, in the sacred water of this place.

    Murli Manohar Mandir:  It is situated in the historical chowgan of Sujanpur Tira.  This temple is very old and is constructed in "Shikar Style". Images of Lord Krishna and Radha are placed in it. The wood work is covered with sculpture of unique scenes. There is an open courtyard near the temple where images of different Gods and Goddesses are placed. This temple was constructed during the reign of Maharaj Sansar Chand.

                                                                                                                                          

    Tauni-Devi Temple:  The temple of goddess Tauni- Devi is situated on the Hamirpur- Awah devi road at a distance of  about 12 km from Hamirpur. The temple is more than 200 years old and a fair is held during the month of Asharh (June- July). A large number of people visit this temple during the fair. This goddess is considered as the sister of goddess Durga. People visit this place to get rid of rainy season deceases. The temple is well managed by a local committee.

    Baba Balak Nath:  bbn-vlThis temple is situated in village Chakmoh of district Hamirpur. It is 45 Kilometers from Hamirpur and is on the border of Hamirpur and Bilaspur districts. It is one of famous temples of the Northern India. It is situated on the top of a magnificent hill. There is a cave carved out of a rock which is stated to be the abode of Babaji. An idol of Babaji is placed in this cave. The devotees offer ‘Rot’ prepared with floor and Sugar / Gur at the altar of Babaji. Some of the devotees offer goats. Entry of females in the cave is forbidden. There is a raised platform just opposite to the cave from where the females can have ‘Darshan’ of Babaji. Six kilometers from this temple, there is a place called Shah-talai where Baba is said to have practiced penance. There is a trust namely ‘Sidh Baba Balak Nath Temple Trust’ that keeps a watch on the functioning of the temple. ‘Mela’s are organized during Holi festival. Sunday is considered auspicious day of Babaji and consequently attracts huge devotees on this day.

    Awah-Devi Temple: The temple Jalpa Devi (Awah Devi) is situated in tehsil Bhoranj on Hamirpur- Sarkaghat road at a distance of 24 km from Hamirpur. Mandir is situated in the beautiful surrounding on the top of a hill. This place serves as a well known junction because roads coming from Bilaspur, Mandi, Kangra and Una pass through this place. This temple is over 250 years old and is managed by a local committee. As per the local story, the people of Mandi district wanted to carry the idol of goddess to their place. While they were carrying the idol to their place, they lost their eyesight. When they turned back, their eyesight was re-stored. At the last they were forced to place the idol at that place from where they were taken it. Since then, the local people have de-faith in the goddess. Most of the people worship this goddess as their ancestral goddess (Kul-devi). Every year large number of devotees visit this temple and pray for fulfilling their wishes.  Ecological survey of India, has chosen this place ( hill of temple ) as maximum height for the District Hamirpur.

    Gasota Mahadev Temple:  Shiv Mahadev temple Gasota is over 400 hundred years old and is situated on Hamirpur- Jahoo road at a distance of  8 km from Hamirpur.   A fair is held on 1st Monday of ‘Jeshtha’  month (last May) every year. This fair is also known by the name of cattle fair Gasota. People and traders visit this place during mela to have glimpse of Shiv- linga and for selling and buying of cattle. This is very beautiful place. Natural water streams flow on both sides of the temples which adds to its beauty. A cow shed and inn has been built in the temple complex to facilitate visitors. The temple is managed by the local panchayat.

    Jhanyari Devi Temple:  Jhanyari devi (Durga) temple is situated on the Hamirpur- Nadaun road at a distance of 6 km from Hamirpur. This temple is more than 200 years old and is managed by a local committee. Every year on the eve of ‘Jeshth- Shukla’ ‘ashtami’ a fair is held here.  During this period local people and people from off places visit this temple. It is historical temple because it is said that king of Katoch Dynasty used to worship this Goddess as kul- devi (ancestral goddess). According to the old saying, the Goddess directed king belonging to Katoch Dynasty in the dream to establish here a temple within his temple complex. The king went to bring the idol of goddess accompanied by a huge procession with a palanquin (palki). When the procession reached the destination and placed the palanquin on the earth to fetch the idol of Goddess. But when they started lifting palanquin, they could not do so as its weight increased enormously. As a result  of that the procession along with the king had to stay there. During the night in the dream the goddess told the king that once palanquin is lifted to fetch the goddess, it should not be placed on land. Hence the idol should be established at the same place where the present temple is located.

    Kalanjari Devi: The temple of mother Kalanjari devi is situated on the Hamirpur- Awah devi road at a distance of about 6 km from district Hamirpur. This temple is more than 200 years old. Large number people and saints visit this temple to seek the blessings of this goddess. Every year during the month of ‘Asharh’ (June- July) a huge fair is held here. A large number of people visit this temple in the hope of that their wishes will be fullfilled by the goddess.

    Gurudwara sahib Nadaun:  Shri Gurudwara Saheb10th Patshahi is situated at Nadaun in District Hamirpur at a very beautiful place at the bank of Beas river. This Gurudwara is managed by the Shiromani Gurudwara Management committee Amritsar, Punjab. There exists proper arrangement for the comfortable stay for the visitors at this place. It is a historical Gurudawara. According to history Shri Guru Gobind Singh has fought second battle of his life which he has described in 10th Granth ‘Nadaun Jang’. The battle was fought on 4th April 1891. The first battle was fought between Shri Guru Gobind  Singh and king of Bilaspur near Bhagani Pavnta Saheb. Second battle was fought by Shri Guru Gobind Singh ji  with Mughals on the invitation of leader of hilly king Shri Bhim Singh king of Bilaspur. Guru Gobind Singh came to fight the battle along with a group of 500 Sikhs with Mughals lead by Alfa Khan Hussain. Mughals were defeated in this battle. Shri Guru Gobind Singh stayed at this place for eight days after the battle.

    Peer- Saheb Grave :  Peer Saheb Grave is situated at a distance of 1 and ½ km away from Nadaun sub-division on the way of Nadaun- Hoshiarpur road at village ‘Bharmoti’, tehsil Nadaun district Hamirpur. This grave is 30 km away from Hamirpur. According to the local history, Sai Fazal Shah was very popular saint for this area. People have  their blind faith upon him as he left his number of  mysterious things during his life, by which he became very popular amongst people. A large ‘Bhandara’  is organized in the last month of ‘Magh’ (2nd  week of February). A wrestling competition is also organized here. King of Katoch Dynasty Sansar Chand was also very much impressed by his mystery. Sansar Chand king of Katoch Dynasty had constructed a grave here.

    Governors of Himachal Pradesh

    Lieutenant Governors of Himachal Pradesh

    # Name Took Office Left Office
    1 Maj. Gen. Hemit Singhji (retd.) 1 March 1952 31 December 1954
    2 Raja B.B. Singh Bhadri 1 January 1955 13 August 1963
    3 Sh. Bhagwan Sahay, ICS (retd.) 14 August 1963 25 February 1966
    4 Sh. V. Vishwanathan, ICS (retd.) 26 February 1966 6 May 1967
    5 Sh. Om Parkash 7 May 1967 15 May 1967
    6 Lt. Gen.K. Bhadur Singh (retd.) 16 May 1967 24 January 1971

    Governors of Himachal Pradesh

    # Name Took Office Left Office
    1SChakarvarty Sh. S. Chakravarti, ICS Retd. 25 January 1971 16 February 1977
    2AMINUDEEN AHMED KHAN Sh.Amin ud-din Ahmad Khan (Nawab of Loharu) 17 February 1977 25 August 1981
    3A.N Sh. A. K. Banerjee, IAS Retd. 26 August 1981 15 April 1983
    4SH HOKI SE SEEMA Sh. Hokishe Sema 16 April 1983 7 March 1986
    5SH P.D. DESAI Justice P. D. Desai
    (Chief Justice H P High Court
    holding additional charge)
    8 March 1986 16 April 1986
    6SH RKS GANDHI Vice Admiral R. K. S. Gandhi 17 April 1986 15 February 1990
    7 Sh. S. M. H. Burney (Governor of Haryana
    during leave period)
    2 December 1987 10 January 1988
    8 Sh. H. A. Brari (Governor of Haryana
    during leave period)
    20 December 1989 12 January 1990
    9SH V RACHAIYA Sh. B. Rachiah 16 February 1990 19 December 1990
    10SH VIRENDER VERMA Sh. Virendra Verma 20 December 1990 29 January 1993
    11SH SURENDER NATH Sh. Surendra Nath (Governor of Punjab
    Addl. Charge)
    30 January 1993 10 December 1993
    12SH BALI RAM  BHAGAT Sh. Bali Ram Bhagat 11 February 1993 29 June 1993
    13SH GULSHER AHMED Sh.Gulsher Ahmad 30 June 1993 26 November 1993
    14 Sh. Surendra Nath (Governor of Punjab
    Addl. Charge)
    27 November 1993 9 July 1994
    15SH V RATANM Justice V. Ratnam, Hon'ble Chief Justice
    Addl. Charge
    10 July 1994 30 July 1994
    16SH SUDHAKAR RAO NAIK Sh.Sudhakarrao Naik 30 July 1994 17 September 1995
    17 Sh.Mahabir Prasad (Governor of Haryana
    Addl. Charge)
    18 September 1995 16 November 1995
    18SMT SHEELA KAUL Smt. Sheila Kaul 17 November 1995 22 April 1996
    19SH MAHAVIR PRASAD Sh. Mahabir Prasad (Governor of Haryana Addl. Charge) 23 April 1996 25 July 1997
    20SMT V S RAMA DEVI Smt.Rama Devi 26 July 1997 1 December 1999
    21ACHARYA VISHNUKANT SASTRI Sh.Vishnu Kant Shastri 2 December 1999 23 November 2000
    22DR SURAJ BHAN Sh.Suraj Bhan 23 November 2000 7 May 2003
    23SH VISHNU SADASHIV KOKJE Justice(Retd)Vishnu Sadashiv Kokje 8 May 2003 19 July 2008
    24governor1 Prabha Rau 19 July 2008
    25Urmila Singh Urmila Singh incumbent

    Kangri Language

    Kangri is a dialect spoken in northern India, predominantly in the Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh, by the people of the Kangra Valley. It is an Indo-Aryan dialect, related to Dogri and classified as one of the Western Pahari dialects of the Pahari group of languages, with deep vocabulary impact from Punjabi, which is spoken to the west in the state of Punjab. Kangri, along with Dogri, has been classified as a dialect of Punjabi by linguists but since the 1960s, for political reasons, both have been promoted as dialects of a separate language group called Pahari languages.

    General

    • Kangri shares vocabulary with both Hindi and Punjabi.
    • Its GRN Language Number is 780.
    • Its Ethnologue 14th edition Language Code is DOJ
    • Its Ethnologue 14th revised edition Language Code is XNR
    • Its ISO / Ethnologue 15th edition Language Code is xnr
    • The language is spoken in India (Himachal Pradesh state)

    Districts of Himachal Pradesh

    Himachal Pradesh locator map.svg
    Bilaspur
    Chamba
    Hamirpur
    Kangra
    Kinnaur
    Kullu
    Lahaul and Spiti
    Mandi
    Shimla
    Sirmaur
    Solan
    Una

    Himachal Pradesh is divided into 12 districts namely, Kangra, Hamirpur, Mandi, Bilaspur, Una, Chamba, Lahul and Spiti, Sirmaur, Kinnaur, Kullu, Solan and Shimla. The state capital is Shimla which was formerly British India's summer capital under the name Simla.

    A district of Himachal Pradesh is an administrative geographical unit, headed by a Deputy Commissioner or District Magistrate, an officer belonging to the Indian Administrative Service. The district magistrate or the deputy commissioner is assisted by a number of officers belonging to Himachal Administrative Service and other Himachal state services. Each district is subdivided into Sub-Divisions, governed by a sub-divisional magistrate, and again into Blocks. Blocks consists of panchayats (village councils) and town municipalities. A Superintendent of Police, an officer belonging to the Indian Police Service is entrusted with the responsibility of maintaining law and order and related issues of the district. He is assisted by the officers of the Himachal Police Service and other Himachal Police officials.

    Shimla’s Climate

    Shimla's cool climate is the precise reason why it is such a popular summer retreat. Located at an altitude of approximately 2200m above sea level, the region has a hilly terrain and is covered by dense evergreen forests. A few visitors choose to visit Shimla during spring or autumn, when the place is less crowded and the views are too spectacular for words.

    Shimla Season Summary
    Season Months Temperature Conditions
    Spring March-April 10°C to 20°C Clear skies. Occasional rain and thunderstorms.
    Summer May- June 16°C to 28°C Generally clear skies. Air might become smoky due to forest fires.
    Monsoon July-September 13°C to 20°C Cool and humid. Continuous rain.
    Autumn October-November 10°C to 23°C Skies are clear, chilly evenings.
    Winter December-February -7°C to 10°C Generally dull weather. Frequent snowfall.

    Dalhousie

    Dalhousie (2036 m) is a hill station full of colonial charm that holds lingering echoes of the Raj. Spread out over the five hills (Kathlog, Potreys, Tehra, Bakrota and Balun) the town is named after the 19th century British Governer General Lord Dalhousie. It was popular with the British Army personnel in 1860's. The town’s varying altitude shades it with a variety of vegetation that includes stately grooves of pines, deodars, oaks and flowering rhododendrowns. Rich in colonial architecture, the town preserves some beautiful churches. St. John church is the oldest one built in 1863, St. Francis was built in 1894, St. Andrew in 1903 and St. Patric in 1909.

    There are also magnificent views of Chamba valley and the mighty Dhauladhar range with its awe-inspiring snow covered peaks filling an entire horizon. By road Dalhousie is about 555 km from Delhi, 52 km from Chamba via Banikhet and 46 km via Khajjiar and the nearest railhead at Pathankot is 85 km away. IMG_0085
    In & around Dalhousie the visitable places are:

    Subash Baoli: Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose spent a large portion of 1937 contemplating here. A nice secluded place.

    Panjpulla: It means five bridges. It is a picturesque spot with water flowing under the five small bridges. A samadhi of Sardar Ajit Singh, uncle of Bhagat Singh, adds to its importance. A small fresh water spring Satdhara is close by.

    Bakrota hills: Visit for a brisk walk round the hills and have a view of snow clad peaks. It is 5 km from Dalhousie.

    Kalatope: It is a picnic spot and a wild life sanctury, 10 km from Dalhousie and offers a fine view of the countryside.

    Bara Pathar: It is 4 km from Dalhousie enroute Kalatope. In village Ahla here, there is atemple of Bhulwani Mata.

    Dainkund: It is 10 km from Dalhousie. On a clear day this tall peak (2745 m) affords a birds eye-view of the hills, verdant valleys and the Beas, Ravi and Chenab rivers threading their silvery passage down to the plains.  


    • Distances from Dalhousie

         
      Places to visit
        Km
      Banikhet 7
      Bharmour 110
      Chhatrari 90
      Kalatop 10
      Khajiar 23
      Kynance 5
      Mani Mahesh 145
      Norwood Paradham 5
      Panchpula 3
      St. Andrews Church 1
      St. Francis Church 1
      St. Johns Church 2
      St. Patricks Church 2
      Subhash Baoli 1
      Jot 41